Foundation and early history

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Beirut

When was the city founded?

Beryte was founded around 5,000 BC, but the area had been inhabited for longer, a small port on the Mediterranean sea.


What’s in a name?

Its name derived from the Phoenician Berot or Birut, which means “the wells”.


Original site?

The city was settled on an island, but finally joined the mainland. 


Which civilizations can we trace?

Remains of Phoenician, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Crusader, and Ottoman civilisations were found. 


Short early history

In 140BC, the Hellens destroyed the Phoenician city, and created Laodicea, then conquered by the Romans in 64BC. The name Berytus was restored and the city was integrated into the Roman Empire. It became latinised and the famous law school was created.

In 635, the city was conquered by the muslims, who developed the Principality of Greater Lebanon. 

Beirut was then controlled by the Ottomans.


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New York


When was the city founded?

Historians estimate that the first settlement in the area dates back to 10,000BC. By 1,100BC, the Iroquoians and Algonquians were occupying most of the island. The place developed around trade, fur trade. 


What’s in a name? 

The native Americans named the place manaháhtaan for “the place where we get bows”. 


Original site?

The city was first settled on an island.


Which civilizations can we trace?

Mainly Algonquians and Iroquioans. The Lenape language shaped many names that we actually know.


Short early history.

In 1524, Verrazzano explored the coast and entered what we call New York bay today. He named the city New Angouleme.

In 1609 Henry Hudson reached the estuary of the Hudson River with the ambition to develop fur trade and establish the Dutch influence in the area. Fort Amsterdam was built in 1625, and would eventually become New Amsterdam.

In 1664, after the British conquered it, the city was named New York in honor of the Duke of York.


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